As the warming climate causes ice and snow to retreat, vegetation is increasing towards the Arctic.

A new analysis of satellite data, collected since 1982, has revealed a vigorous increase in vegetation growth between the 45th parallel north and the Arctic Ocean.

In many places, the climate has shifted north by as much as 4 to 6 degrees of latitude and now resembles what was found 400 to 700 kilometres to the south in 1982. At that rate, by the end of this century, northern Sweden could get temperatures similar to southern France now.

However, the rate of vegetation increase is now being slowed by increasing pest infestation, drought and fires.

This map shows areas where plant growth has increased in green and blue and areas where it has decreased in orange and red. (Public domain image by NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center Scientific Visualization Studio)
This map shows areas where plant growth has increased in green and blue
and areas where it has decreased in orange and red.
(Public domain image by NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center Scientific Visualization Studio)