Several methods of generating electricity from waves have been developed. One method is being tested at Port Kembla, New South Wales.

Artists Impression of Oceanlinx Wave Power Generation
Artists Impression of Oceanlinx Wave Power Generation

How It Works

How Wave Power Generation Works
How Wave Power Generation Works

A different method is being developed at Freemantle in Western Australia:

 The motion of the waves moves a “farm” of underwater balloons. The motion is used to pump water ashore where it drives a turbine and can be passed through a membrane to desalinate it.